Marlon Brando

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    There are 8 replies in this Thread. The last Post () by Jay J. Foraker.

    • Marlon Brando

      MARLON BRANDO

      Information From IMDb

      Date of Birth
      3 April 1924,
      Omaha, Nebraska, USA

      Date of Death
      1 July 2004,
      Los Angeles, California, USA (pulmonary fibrosis)

      Birth Name
      Marlon Brando Jr.

      Nickname
      Bud (his childhood family nickname)
      Mr Mumbles (given to him by Frank Sinatra)

      Trade Mark
      Bizarrely unique voice with an extreme nasal tonality spoken in mumbles.

      Frequently played young, somewhat misunderstood rebels in his youth (A Streetcar Named Desire, The Wild One, On the Waterfront) and later powerful criminals (The Godfather, The Formula, The Freshman, The Score).

      The pioneering use of Method Acting

      Often improvised his own dialogue.

      Was known for being very difficult to work with

      Height
      5' 9" (1.75 m)

      Spouse
      Tarita (10 August 1962 - 14 July 1972) (divorced) 2 children
      Movita (4 June 1960 - 1962) (divorced) 2 children
      Anna Kashfi (11 October 1957 - 22 April 1959) (divorced) 1 child

      Please see:-
      Trivia and Personal Quotes

      Mini Biography
      Marlon Brando is widely considered the greatest movie actor of all time, rivaled only by the more theatrically oriented Laurence Olivier in terms of esteem. Unlike Olivier, who preferred the stage to the screen, Brando concentrated his talents on movies after bidding the Broadway stage adieu in 1949, a decision for which he was severely criticized when his star began to dim in the 1960s and he was excoriated for squandering his talents. No actor ever exerted such a profound influence on succeeding generations of actors as did Brando. More than 50 years after he first scorched the screen as Stanley Kowalski in the movie version of Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) and a quarter-century after his last great performance as Col. Kurtz in Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now (1979), all American actors are still being measured by the yardstick that was Brando. It was if the shadow of John Barrymore, the great American actor closest to Brando in terms of talent and stardom, dominated the acting field up until the 1970s. He did not, nor did any other actor so dominate the public's consciousness of what WAS an actor before or since Brando's 1951 on-screen portrayal of Stanley made him a cultural icon. Brando eclipsed the reputation of other great actors circa 1950, such as Paul Muni and Fredric March. Only the luster of Spencer Tracy's reputation hasn't dimmed when seen in the starlight thrown off by Brando. However, neither Tracy nor Olivier created an entire school of acting just by the force of his personality. Brando did.

      Born Marlon Brando Jr. on April 3, 1924, in Omaha, Nebraska, to Marlon Brando, Sr., a calcium carbonate salesman and his artistically inclined wife, the former Dorothy Pennebaker, "Bud" Brando was one of three children. His oldest sister Jocelyn Brando was also an actress, taking after their mother, who engaged in amateur theatricals and mentored a then-unknown Henry Fonda, another Nebraska native, in her role as director of the Omaha Community Playhouse. Frannie, Brando's other sibling, was a visual artist. Both Brando sisters contrived to leave the Midwest for New York City, Jocelyn to study acting and Frannie to study art. Marlon managed to escape the vocational doldrums forecast for him by his cold, distant father and his disapproving schoolteachers by striking out for The Big Apple in 1943, following Jocelyn into the acting profession. Acting was the only thing he was good at, for which he received praise, so he was determined to make it his career - a high-school dropout, he had nothing else to fall back on, having been rejected by the military due to a knee injury he incurred playing football at Shattuck Military Academy, Brando Sr.'s alma mater. The school booted Marlon out as incorrigible before graduation.

      Acting was a skill he honed as a child, the lonely son of alcoholic parents. With his father away on the road, and his mother frequently intoxicated to the point of stupefaction, the young Bud would play-act for her to draw her out of her stupor and to attract her attention and love. His mother was exceedingly neglectful, but he loved her, particularly for instilling in him a love of nature, a feeling which informed his character Paul in Ultimo tango a Parigi (1972) ("Last Tango in Paris") when he is recalling his childhood for his young lover Jeanne. "I don't have many good memories," Paul confesses, and neither did Brando of his childhood. Sometimes he had to go down to the town jail to pick up his mother after she had spent the night in the drunk tank and bring her home, events that traumatized the young boy but may have been the grain that irritated the oyster of his talent, producing the pearls of his performances. Anthony Quinn, his Oscar-winning co-star in Viva Zapata! (1952) told Brando's first wife Anna Kashfi, "I admire Marlon's talent, but I don't envy the pain that created it."

      Brando enrolled in Erwin Piscator's Dramatic Workshop at New York's New School, and was mentored by Stella Adler, a member of a famous Yiddish Theatre acting family. Adler helped introduce to the New York stage the "emotional memory" technique of Russian theatrical actor, director and impresario Konstantin Stanislavski, whose motto was "Think of your own experiences and use them truthfully." The results of this meeting between an actor and the teacher preparing him for a life in the theater would mark a watershed in American acting and culture.

      Brando made his debut on the boards of Broadway on October 19, 1944, in "I Remember Mama," a great success. As a young Broadway actor, Brando was invited by talent scouts from several different studios to screen-test for them, but he turned them down because he would not let himself be bound by the then-standard seven-year contract. Brando would make his film debut quite some time later in Fred Zinnemann's The Men (1950) for producer Stanley Kramer. Playing a paraplegic soldier, Brando brought new levels of realism to the screen, expanding on the verisimilitude brought to movies by Group Theatre alumni John Garfield, the predecessor closest to him in the raw power he projected on-screen. Ironically, it was Garfield whom producer Irene Mayer Selznick had chosen to play the lead in a new Tennessee Williams play she was about to produce, but negotiations broke down when Garfield demanded an ownership stake in "A Streetcar Named Desire." Burt Lancaster was next approached, but couldn't get out of a prior film commitment. Then director Elia Kazan suggested Brando, whom he had directed to great effect in Maxwell Anderson's play "Truckline Café," in which Brando co-starred with Karl Malden, who was to remain a close friend for the next 60 years.

      During the production of "Truckline Café", Kazan had found that Brando's presence was so magnetic, he had to re-block the play to keep Marlon near other major characters' stage business, as the audience could not take its eyes off of him. For the scene where Brando's character re-enters the stage after killing his wife, Kazan placed him upstage-center, partially obscured by scenery, but where the audience could still see him as Karl Malden and others played out their scene within the café set. When he eventually entered the scene, crying, the effect was electric. A young Pauline Kael, arriving late to the play, had to avert her eyes when Brando made this entrance as she believed the young actor on stage was having a real-life conniption. She did not look back until her escort commented that the young man was a great actor.

      The problem with casting Brando as Stanley was that he was much younger than the character as written by Williams. However, after a meeting between Brando and Williams, the playwright eagerly agreed that Brando would make an ideal Stanley. Williams believed that by casting a younger actor, the Neanderthalish Kowalski would evolve from being a vicious older man to someone whose unintentional cruelty can be attributed to his youthful ignorance. Brando ultimately was dissatisfied with his performance, though, saying he never was able to bring out the humor of the character, which was ironic as his characterization often drew laughs from the audience at the expense of Jessica Tandy's Blanche Dubois. During the out-of-town tryouts, Kazan realized that Brando's magnetism was attracting attention and audience sympathy away from Blanche to Stanley, which was not what the playwright intended. The audience's sympathy should be solely with Blanche, but many spectators were identifying with Stanley. Kazan queried Williams on the matter, broaching the idea of a slight rewrite to tip the scales back to more of a balance between Stanley and Blanche, but Williams demurred, smitten as he was by Brando, just like the preview audiences.

      For his part, Brando believed that the audience sided with his Stanley because Jessica Tandy was too shrill. He thought Vivien Leigh, who played the part in the movie, was ideal, as she was not only a great beauty but she WAS Blanche Dubois, troubled as she was in her real life by mental illness and nymphomania. Brando's appearance as Stanley on stage and on screen revolutionized American acting by introducing "The Method" into American consciousness and culture. Method acting, rooted in Adler's study at the Moscow Art Theatre of Stanislavsky's theories that she subsequently introduced to the Group Theatre, was a more naturalistic style of performing, as it engendered a close identification of the actor with the character's emotions. Adler took first place among Brando's acting teachers, and socially she helped turn him from an unsophisticated Midwestern farm boy into a knowledgeable and cosmopolitan artist who one day would socialize with presidents.

      Brando didn't like the term "The Method," which quickly became the prominent paradigm taught by such acting gurus as Lee Strasberg at the Actors Studio. Brando denounced Strasberg in his autobiography "Songs My Mother Taught Me" (1994), saying that he was a talentless exploiter who claimed he had been Brando's mentor. The Actors Studio had been founded by Strasberg along with Kazan and Stella Adler's husband, Harold Clurman, all Group Theatre alumni, all political progressives deeply committed to the didactic function of the stage. Brando credits his knowledge of the craft to Adler and Kazan, while Kazan in his autobiography "A Life" claimed that Brando's genius thrived due to the thorough training Adler had given him. Adler's method emphasized that authenticity in acting is achieved by drawing on inner reality to expose deep emotional experience

      Interestingly, Elia Kazan believed that Brando had ruined two generations of actors, his contemporaries and those who came after him, all wanting to emulate the great Brando by employing The Method. Kazan felt that Brando was never a Method actor, that he had been highly trained by Adler and did not rely on gut instincts for his performances, as was commonly believed. Many a young actor, mistaken about the true roots of Brando's genius, thought that all it took was to find a character's motivation, empathize with the character through sense and memory association, and regurgitate it all on stage to become the character. That's not how the superbly trained Brando did it; he could, for example, play accents, whereas your average American Method actor could not. There was a method to Brando's art, Kazan felt, but it was not The Method.

      After A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), for which he received the first of his eight Academy Award nominations, Brando appeared in a string of Academy Award-nominated performances - in Viva Zapata! (1952), Julius Caesar (1953) and the summit of his early career, Kazan's On the Waterfront (1954). For his "Waterfront" portrayal of meat-headed longshoreman Terry Malloy, the washed-up pug who "coulda been a contender," Brando won his first Oscar. Along with his iconic performance as the rebel-without-a-cause Johnny in The Wild One (1953) ("What are you rebelling against?" Johnny is asked. "What have ya got?" is his reply), the first wave of his career was, according to Jon Voight, unprecedented in its audacious presentation of such a wide range of great acting. Director John Huston said his performance of Marc Antony was like seeing the door of a furnace opened in a dark room, and co-star John Gielgud, the premier Shakespearean actor of the 20th century, invited Brando to join his repertory company.

      It was this period of 1951-54 that revolutionized American acting, spawning such imitators as James Dean - who modeled his acting and even his lifestyle on his hero Brando - the young Paul Newman and Steve McQueen. After Brando, every up-and-coming star with true acting talent and a brooding, alienated quality would be hailed as the "New Brando," such as Warren Beatty in Kazan's Splendour in the Grass (1961). "We are all Brando's children," Jack Nicholson pointed out in 1972. "He gave us our freedom." He was truly "The Godfather" of American acting - and he was just 30 years old.

      In the second period of his career, 1955-62, Brando managed to uniquely establish himself as a great actor who also was a Top 10 movie star, although that star began to dim after the box-office high point of his early career, Sayonara (1957) (for which he received his fifth Best Actor Oscar nomination). Brando tried his hand at directing a film, the well-reviewed One-Eyed Jacks (1961) that he made for his own production company, Pennebaker Productions (after his mother's maiden name). Stanley Kubrick had been hired to direct the film, but after months of script rewrites in which Brando participated, Kubrick and Brando had a falling out and Kubrick was sacked. According to his widow Christiane Kubrick, Stanley believed that Brando had wanted to direct the film himself all along.

      Tales proliferated about the profligacy of Brando the director, burning up a million and a half feet of expensive VistaVision film at 50 cents a foot, fully ten times the normal amount of raw stock expended during production of an equivalent motion picture. Brando took so long editing the film that he was never able to present the studio with a cut. Paramount took it away from him and tacked on a re-shot ending that Brando was dissatisfied with, as it made the Oedipal figure of Dad Longworth into a villain. In any normal film Dad would have been the heavy, but Brando believed that no one was innately evil, that it was a matter of an individual responding to, and being molded by, one's environment. It was not a black-and-white world, Brando felt, but a gray world in which once-decent people could do horrible things. This attitude explains his sympathetic portrayal of Nazi officer Christian Diestl in the film he made before shooting One-Eyed Jacks (1961), Edward Dmytryk's filming of Irwin Shaw's novel The Young Lions (1958). Shaw denounced Brando's performance, but audiences obviously disagreed, as the film was a major hit. It would be the last hit movie Brando would have for more than a decade.

      One-Eyed Jacks (1961) generated respectable numbers at the box office, but the production costs were exorbitant - a then-staggering $6 million - which made it run a deficit. A film essentially is "made" in the editing room, and Brando found cutting to be a terribly boring process, which was why the studio eventually took the film away from him. Despite his proved talent in handling actors and a large production, Brando never again directed another film, though he would claim that all actors essentially direct themselves during the shooting of a picture.

      Between the production and release of One-Eyed Jacks (1961), Brando appeared in Sidney Lumet's film version of Tennessee Williams' play "Orpheus Descending", The Fugitive Kind (1960) which teamed him with fellow Oscar winners Anna Magnani and Joanne Woodward. Following in Elizabeth Taylor's trailblazing footsteps, Brando became the second performer to receive a $1-million salary for a motion picture, so high were the expectations for this re-teaming of Kowalski and his creator (in 1961 critic Hollis Alpert had published a book "Brando and the Shadow of Stanley Kowalski). Critics and audiences waiting for another incendiary display from Brando in a Williams work were disappointed when the renamed The Fugitive Kind (1960) finally released. Though Tennessee was hot, with movie versions of Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958) and Suddenly, Last Summer (1959) burning up the box office and receiving kudos from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences, The Fugitive Kind (1960) was a failure. This was followed by the so-so box-office reception of One-Eyed Jacks (1961) in 1961 and then by a failure of a more monumental kind: Mutiny on the Bounty (1962), a remake of the famed 1935 film.

      Brando signed on to Mutiny on the Bounty (1962) after turning down the lead in the David Lean classic Lawrence of Arabia (1962) because he didn't want to spend a year in the desert riding around on a camel. He received another $1-million salary, plus $200,000 in overages as the shoot went overtime and over budget. During principal photography, highly respected director Carol Reed (an eventual Academy Award winner) was fired, and his replacement, two-time Oscar winner Lewis Milestone, was shunted aside by Brando as Marlon basically took over the direction of the film himself. The long shoot became so notorious that President John F. Kennedy asked director Billy Wilder at a cocktail party not "when" but "if" the "Bounty" shoot would ever be over. The MGM remake of one of its classic Golden Age films garnered a Best Picture Oscar nomination and was one of the top grossing films of 1962, yet failed to go into the black due to its Brobdingnagian budget estimated at $20 million, which is equivalent to $120 million when adjusted for inflation.

      Brando and Taylor, whose Cleopatra (1963) nearly bankrupted 20th Century-Fox due to its huge cost overruns (its final budget was more than twice that of Brando's Mutiny on the Bounty (1962)), were pilloried by the show business press for being the epitome of the pampered, self-indulgent stars who were ruining the industry. Seeking scapegoats, the Hollywood press conveniently ignored the financial pressures on the studios. The studios had been hurt by television and by the antitrust-mandated divestiture of their movie theater chains, causing a large outflow of production to Italy and other countries in the 1950s and 1960s in order to lower costs. The studio bosses, seeking to replicate such blockbuster hits as the remakes of The Ten Commandments (1956) and Ben-Hur (1959), were the real culprits behind the losses generated by large-budgeted films that found it impossible to recoup their costs despite long lines at the box office.

      While Elizabeth Taylor, receiving the unwanted gift of reams of publicity from her adulterous romance with Cleopatra (1963) co-star Richard Burton, remained hot until the tanking of her own Tennessee Williams-renamed debacle Boom (1968), Brando from 1963 until the end of the decade appeared in one box-office failure after another as he worked out a contract he had signed with Universal Pictures. The industry had grown tired of Brando and his idiosyncrasies, though he continued to be offered prestige projects up through 1968.

      Some of the films Brando made in the 1960s were noble failures, such as The Ugly American (1963), The Chase (1966) and Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967). For every "Reflections," though, there seemed to be two or three outright debacles, such as Bedtime Story (1964), A Countess from Hong Kong (1967) and The Night of the Following Day (1968). By the time Brando began making the anti-colonialist picture Burn! (1969) in Colombia with Gillo Pontecorvo in the director's chair, he was box-office poison, despite having worked in the previous five years with such top directors as Arthur Penn, John Huston and the legendary Charles Chaplin, and with such top-drawer co-stars as David Niven, Yul Brynner, Sophia Loren and Taylor.

      The rap on Brando in the 1960s was that a great talent had ruined his potential to be America's answer to Laurence Olivier, as his friend William Redfield limned the dilemma in his book "Letters from an Actor" (1967), a memoir about Redfield's appearance in Burton's 1964 theatrical production of "Hamlet." By failing to go back on stage and recharge his artistic batteries, something British actors such as Burton were not afraid to do, Brando had stifled his great talent, by refusing to tackle the classical repertoire and contemporary drama. Actors and critics had yearned for an American response to the high-acting style of the Brits, and while Method actors such as Rod Steiger tried to create an American style, they were hampered in their quest, as their king was lost in a wasteland of Hollywood movies that were beneath his talent. Many of his early supporters now turned on him, claiming he was a crass sellout.

      Despite evidence in such films as The Chase (1966), Southwest to Sonora (1966) and Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967) that Brando was in fact doing some of the best acting of his life, critics, perhaps with an eye on the box office, slammed him for failing to live up to, and nurture, his great gift. Brando's political activism, starting in the early 1960s with his championing of Native Americans' rights, followed by his participation in the Southern Christian Leadership Conference's March on Washington in 1963, and followed by his appearance at a Black Panther rally in 1968, did not win him many admirers in the establishment. In fact, there was a de facto embargo on Brando films in the recently segregated (officially, at least) southeastern US in the 1960s. Southern exhibitors simply would not book his films, and producers took notice. After 1968, Brando would not work for three years.

      Pauline Kael wrote of Brando that he was Fortune's fool. She drew a parallel with the latter career of John Barrymore, a similarly gifted thespian with talents as prodigious, who seemingly threw them away. Brando, like the late-career Barrymore, had become a great ham, evidenced by his turn as the faux Indian guru in the egregious Candy (1968), seemingly because the material was so beneath his talent. Most observers of Brando in the 1960s believed that he needed to be reunited with his old mentor Elia Kazan, a relationship that had soured due to Kazan's friendly testimony naming names before the notorious House Un-American Activities Committee. Perhaps Brando believed this, too, as he originally accepted an offer to appear as the star of Kazan's film adaptation of his own novel, The Arrangement (1969). However, after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Brando backed out of the film, telling Kazan that he could not appear in a Hollywood film after this tragedy. Also reportedly turning down a role opposite box-office king Paul Newman in a surefire script, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), Brando decided to make Burn! (1969) with Pontecorvo. The film, a searing indictment of racism and colonialism, flopped at the box office but won the esteem of progressive critics and cultural arbiters such as Howard Zinn.

      Kazan, after a life in film and the theater, said that, aside from Orson Welles, whose greatness lay in filmmaking, he only met one actor who was a genius: Brando. Richard Burton, an intellectual with a keen eye for observation if not for his own film projects, said that he found Brando to be very bright, unlike the public perception of him as a Terry Malloy-type character that he himself inadvertently promoted through his boorish behavior. Brando's problem, Burton felt, was that he was unique, and that he had gotten too much fame too soon at too early an age. Cut off from being nurtured by normal contact with society, fame had distorted Brando's personality and his ability to cope with the world, as he had not had time to grow up outside the limelight.

      Truman Capote, who eviscerated Brando in print in the mid-'50s and had as much to do with the public perception of the dyslexic Brando as a dumbbell, always said that the best actors were ignorant, and that an intelligent person could not be a good actor. However, Brando was highly intelligent, and possessed of a rare genius in a then-deprecated art, acting. The problem that an intelligent performer has in movies is that it is the director, and not the actor, who has the power in his chosen field. Greatness in the other arts is defined by how much control the artist is able to exert over his chosen medium, but in movie acting, the medium is controlled by a person outside the individual artist. It is an axiom of the cinema that a performance, as is a film, is "created" in the cutting room, thus further removing the actor from control over his art. Brando had tried his hand at directing, in controlling the whole artistic enterprise, but he could not abide the cutting room, where a film and the film's performances are made. This lack of control over his art was the root of Brando's discontent with acting, with movies, and, eventually, with the whole wide world that invested so much cachet in movie actors, as long as "they" were at the top of the box-office charts. Hollywood was a matter of "they" and not the work, and Brando became disgusted.

      Charlton Heston, who participated in Martin Luther King's 1963 March on Washington with Brando, believes that Marlon was the great actor of his generation. However, noting a story that Brando had once refused a role in the early 1960s with the excuse "How can I act when people are starving in India?", Heston believes that it was this attitude, the inability to separate one's idealism from one's work, that prevented Brando from reaching his potential. As Rod Steiger once said, Brando had it all, great stardom and a great talent. He could have taken his audience on a trip to the stars, but he simply would not. Steiger, one of Brando's children even though a contemporary, could not understand it. When James Mason' was asked in 1971 who was the best American actor, he had replied that since Brando had let his career go belly-up, it had to be George C. Scott, by default.

      Paramount thought that only Laurence Olivier would suffice, but Lord Olivier was ill. The young director believed there was only one actor who could play godfather to the group of Young Turk actors he had assembled for his film, The Godfather of method acting himself - Marlon Brando. Francis Ford Coppola won the fight for Brando, Brando won - and refused - his second Oscar, and Paramount won a pot of gold by producing the then top-grossing film of all-time, The Godfather (1972), a gangster movie most critics now judge one of the greatest American films of all time. Brando followed his iconic portrayal of Don Corleone with his Oscar-nominated turn in the high-grossing and highly scandalous Ultimo tango a Parigi (1972) ("Last Tango in Paris"), the first film dealing explicitly with sexuality in which an actor of Brando's stature had participated. He was now again a Top-Ten box office star and once again heralded as the greatest actor of his generation, an unprecedented comeback that put him on the cover of "Time" magazine and would make him the highest-paid actor in the history of motion pictures by the end of the decade. Little did the world know that Brando, who had struggled through many projects in good faith during the 1960s, delivering some of his best acting, only to be excoriated and ignored as the films did not do well at the box office, essentially was through with the movies.

      After reaching the summit of his career, a rarefied atmosphere never reached before or since by any actor, Brando essentially walked away. He would give no more of himself after giving everything as he had done in "Last Tango in Paris," a performance that embarrassed him, according to his autobiography. Brando had come as close to any actor to being the "auteur," or author, of a film, as the English-language scenes of "Tango" were created by encouraging Brando to improvise. The improvisations were written down and turned into a shooting script, and the scripted improvisations were shot the next day. Pauline Kael, the Brando of movie critics in that she was the most influential arbiter of cinematic quality of her generation and spawned a whole legion of Kael wanna-be's, said Brando's performance in "Last Tango" had revolutionized the art of film. Brando, who had to act to gain his mother's attention; Brando, who believed acting at best was nothing special as everyone in the world engaged in it every day of their lives to get what they wanted from other people; Brando, who believed acting at its worst was a childish charade and that movie stardom was a whorish fraud, would have agreed with Sam Peckinpah's summation of Pauline Kael: "Pauline's a brilliant critic but sometimes she's just cracking walnuts with her ass." Probably in a simulacrum of those words, too.

      After another three-year hiatus, Brando took on just one more major role for the next 20 years, as the bounty hunter after Jack Nicholson in Arthur Penn's The Missouri Breaks (1976), a western that succeeded neither with the critics or at the box office. From then on, Brando concentrated on extracting the maximum amount of capital for the least amount of work from producers, as when he got the Salkind brothers to pony up a then-record $3.7 million against 10% of the gross for 13 days work on Superman (1978). Factoring in inflation, the straight salary for "Superman" equals or exceeds the new record of $1 million a day Harrison Ford set with K-19: The Widowmaker (2002). Before cashing his first paycheck for Superman (1978), Brando had picked up $2 million for his extended cameo in Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now (1979) in a role, that of Col. Kurtz, that he authored on-camera through improvisation while Coppola shot take after take. It was Brando's last bravura performance, though he did receive an eighth and final Oscar nomination for A Dry White Season (1989) after coming out of a near-decade-long retirement. Contrary to those who claimed he now only was in it for the money, Brando donated his entire seven-figure salary to an anti-apartheid charity.

      Brando had first attracted media attention at the age of 24, when "Life" magazine ran a photo of himself and his sister Jocelyn, who were both then appearing on Broadway. The curiosity continued, and snowballed. Playing the paraplegic soldier of The Men (1950), Brando had gone to live at a Veterans Administration hospital with actual disabled veterans, and confined himself to a wheelchair for weeks. It was an acting method, research, that no one in Hollywood had ever heard of before, and that willingness to experience life.
      IMDb Mini Biography By: Jon C. Hopwood

      Filmography
      Actor
      1. The Godfather (2006) (VG) (voice) (also archive footage) .... Don Vito Corleone
      ... aka "The Godfather: The Game" - USA (alternative title)
      2. You Rock My World (2001) (TV) .... Boss
      3. The Score (2001) .... Max
      4. Free Money (1998) .... Warden Sven 'The Swede' Sorenson
      5. The Brave (1997) .... McCarthy
      6. The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996) .... Dr. Moreau
      ... aka "D.N.A" - Japan (English title)
      7. Don Juan DeMarco (1994) .... Dr. Jack Mickler
      8. Christopher Columbus: The Discovery (1992) .... Tomas de Torquemada
      9. The Freshman (1990) .... Carmine Sabatini

      10. A Dry White Season (1989) .... Ian McKenzie
      11. The Formula (1980) .... Adam Steiffel, Chairman Titan Oil
      12. Apocalypse Now (1979) .... Colonel Walter E. Kurtz
      ... aka "Apocalypse Now Redux" - International (English title) (longer version)
      13. "Roots: The Next Generations" (1979) TV mini-series .... George Lincoln Rockwell
      14. Superman (1978) .... Jor-El
      ... aka "Superman: The Movie" - International (English title) (promotional title), USA (promotional title)
      15. "The Godfather: A Novel for Television" .... Don Vito Corleone (4 episodes, 1977)
      ... aka "Mario Puzo's The Godfather: A Novel for Television" - USA (complete title)
      ... aka "The Godfather 1902-1959: The Complete Epic" - USA (video title)
      ... aka "The Godfather Novella" - USA (alternative title)
      ... aka "The Godfather Saga" - USA (alternative title)
      ... aka "The Godfather: The Complete Novel for Television" - USA (alternative title)
      - Episode #1.4 (1977) TV episode .... Don Vito Corleone
      - Episode #1.3 (1977) TV episode .... Don Vito Corleone
      - Episode #1.2 (1977) TV episode .... Don Vito Corleone
      - Episode #1.1 (1977) TV episode .... Don Vito Corleone
      16. The Missouri Breaks (1976) .... Lee Clayton
      17. Ultimo tango a Parigi (1972) .... Paul
      ... aka "Last Tango in Paris" - USA (DVD title)
      18. The Godfather (1972) .... Don Vito Corleone
      ... aka "Mario Puzo's The Godfather" - USA (complete title)
      ... aka "Godfather" - Japan (English title)
      19. The Nightcomers (1971) .... Peter Quint
      20. Burn! (1969) .... Sir William Walker
      ... aka "Queimada" - Italy (original title)
      ... aka "The Mercenary" - Canada (English title)
      21. The Night of the Following Day (1968) .... Chauffeur
      22. Candy (1968) .... Grindl
      23. Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967) .... Maj. Weldon Penderton
      24. A Countess from Hong Kong (1967) .... Ogden Mears
      25. Southwest to Sonora (1966) .... Matt
      ... aka "The Appaloosa" - USA (original title)
      26. The Chase (1966) .... Sheriff Calder
      27. Morituri (1965) .... Robert Crain
      ... aka "Saboteur: Code Name Morituri" - USA (reissue title)
      28. Bedtime Story (1964) .... Freddy Benson
      29. The Ugly American (1963) .... Ambassador Harrison Carter MacWhite
      30. Mutiny on the Bounty (1962) .... 1st Lt. Fletcher Christian
      31. One-Eyed Jacks (1961) .... Rio
      32. The Fugitive Kind (1960) .... Valentine 'Snakeskin' Xavier
      33. The Young Lions (1958) .... Lt. Christian Diestl
      34. Sayonara (1957) .... Maj. Lloyd 'Ace' Gruver - USAF
      35. The Teahouse of the August Moon (1956) .... Sakini
      36. Guys and Dolls (1955/I) .... Sky Masterson
      37. "Omnibus" .... Stanley Kowalski (1 episode, 1955)
      - A Streetcar Named Desire (1955) TV episode .... Stanley Kowalski
      38. Desirée (1954) .... Napoleon Bonaparte
      39. On the Waterfront (1954) .... Terry Malloy
      40. The Wild One (1953) .... Johnny Strabler / Narrator
      41. Julius Caesar (1953) .... Mark Antony
      42. Viva Zapata! (1952) .... Emiliano Zapata
      43. A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) .... Stanley Kowalski
      44. The Men (1950) .... Ken
      ... aka "Battle Stripe" - USA (reissue title)

      Director:
      1. One-Eyed Jacks (1961)
      Best Wishes
      Keith
      London- England

      The post was edited 7 times, last by ethanedwards ().

    • Re: Screen Legends- Marlon Brando

      Marlon Brando, Jr. was an American screen and stage actor.
      He is widely regarded as having had a significant impact on the art of film acting.

      While he became notorious for his "mumbling" diction and exuding a raw animal magnetism,
      his mercurial performances were nonetheless highly regarded, and he is widely considered
      as one of the greatest and most influential actors of the 20th century.
      Director Martin Scorsese said of him, "He is the marker. There's 'before Brando' and 'after Brando'."
      Actor Jack Nicholson once said, "When Marlon dies, everybody moves up one."[5]

      Marlon Brando, winner of two Academy Awards,
      was the foremost exponent of 'method acting'

      In truth I never rated him that highly,
      and only wish I could earn three million bucks,
      mumbling a few incoherent words!!!

      However there is no doubt that he is a screen legend,
      and went on to star in many of the top movies ever made.
      He was always top of the bill even if he had a 'bit' starring role.

      He was originally cast in John Wayne's role as Genghis Khan
      in The Conqueror (1956), but backed out at the last minute.
      However a film written for Brando, but starring Duke,
      was a disaster waiting to happen!!

      He said this of Duke
      I always enjoyed watching John Wayne, but it never occurred to me
      until I spoke with Indians how corrosive and damaging
      and destructive his movies were - most Hollywood movies were.

      At Paramount, I sat at lunch with John Wayne. I couldn't even talk
      .
      He went on to say
      You have to examine John Wayne. He's not a bad person.
      Who among us is going to say he's a bad man?
      He feels justified for what he does.

      The damage that he does he doesn't consider damage,
      he thinks it's an honest presentation of the facts.

      Everybody ought not to turn his back on the phenomenon of hatred in
      whatever form it takes.
      We have to find out what the anatomy of hatred is before we can understand it.
      We have to make some attempt to put it into some understandable form.
      Any kind of group hatred is extremely dangerous and much
      more volatile than individual hatred.
      Heinous crimes are committed by groups and it's all done,
      of course, in the name of right, justice.
      It's John Wayne. It's the way he thinks.
      All the crimes committed against Indians are not considered crimes by John Wayne.

      (on John Wayne's 1971 interview with Playboy magazine)
      That doesn't need a reply, it's self-evident.
      You can't even get mad at it; it's so insane that there's just nothing to say about it.
      He would be, according to his point of view, someone not disposed
      to returning any of the colonial possessions in Africa or Asia to their rightful owners.
      He would be sharing a perspective with B.J. Vorster if he were in South Africa.
      He would be on the side of Ian Smith.
      He would have shot down Gandhi [Mahatma Gandhi], called him a rabble rouser.
      The only freedom fighters he would recognize would be those who
      were fighting Communists; if they were fighting to get out from under colonial rule,
      he'd call them terrorists.
      The Indians today he'd call agitators, terrorists, who knows?
      If John Wayne ran for President, he would get a great following . . .
      I think he's been enormously instrumental in perpetuating this
      view of the Indian as a savage, ferocious, destructive force.
      He's made us believe things about the Indian that were never
      true and perpetuated the myth about how wonderful the frontiersmen
      were and how decent and honorable we all were.
      Best Wishes
      Keith
      London- England

      The post was edited 5 times, last by ethanedwards ().

    • Re: Screen Legends- Marlon Brando

      Honestly I have always found Brando to be really not very entertaining, and a self important narcissistic arrogant pompous jerk.

      It's funny he should say that about Native Americans considering his whole Oscar fiasco. And it should be noted that whenever John Wayne had a say so in how to portray Native Americans, he generally showed them in a favorable light.

      Anyway as I recall, John Wayne only rarely went up against Indians in his own movies, it seems to me that Pappy is the one who should been the target of their wrath.
    • Re: Screen Legends- Marlon Brando

      And yet Pappy went to great lengths to help the Indians in Monument Valley, giving them work when there wasn't any, any even bringing in food (and hay and grain for the animals) by helicopter during a blizzard during the late '40s.

      Brando was a self-absorbed, clipping-reading, ego-maniacal bastard, who had an overly inflated sense of self-worth.

      Other than that, he was an OK guy...;)
    • Re: Screen Legends- Marlon Brando

      I read this because I couldn't believe that this mostly incompetent and self-important windbag was even aware that John Wayne ever existed. Never has a "method" actor (or any other talentless hack) received such accolades from movie critics. Ever try to sit through his Mutiny on the Bounty, Night of the Following Day, Missouri Breaks, Desiree, Morituri, Appaloosa, or Teahouse of the August Moon? Every other actor in those films shows Brando up as an over-rated ass. The Godfather would have been a hit if any one of his generation played that part.
      By the way, Wally Cox had a widow?


      We deal in lead, friend.