Raoul Walsh

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    • Raoul Walsh

      RAOUL WALSH

      INFORMATION FROM IMDb

      Date of birth
      11 March 1887
      New York, New York, USA

      Date of death
      31 December 1980
      Simi Valley, California, USA.

      Sometimes Credited As:
      R.A. Walsh / Raoul A. Walsh

      Birth name
      Albert Edward Walsh

      Nickname
      Uncle

      Height
      6' 0½" (1.84 m)

      Spouse
      Miriam Cooper (1916 - 1926) (divorced) 2 adopted sons

      Trivia
      Final resting place: Assumption Catholic Cemetery, Simi Valley, California

      Lost an eye on location for In Old Arizona (1928) in 1929.

      One of the 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)

      Brother of actor George Walsh.

      He often repeated Jack Pickford's wisecrack about him: "Your idea of light comedy is to burn down a whorehouse."


      Mini biography
      Raoul Walsh's 52-year directorial career made him a Hollywood legend, and the slam-band nature of his best films means that he is still remembered while the memory of Allan Dwan, a director with an equally long career, has practically faded from public consciousness. Walsh was also an actor: He appeared in the first version of W. Somerset Maugham's "Rain" opposite 'Gloria Swanson" as "Miss Sadie Thompson" (1928) and would have played "The Cisco Kid" in his own film "In Old Arizona" if an errant jackrabbit hadn't cost him an eye by leaping through the windshield of his automobile. (Warner Baxter filled the role and won an Oscar. Before John Ford and Nicholas Ray, it was Raoul Walsh who made the eye-patch almost as synonymous with a Hollywood director as Cecil B. DeMille's jodhpurs.

      He interned with the best, serving as Assistant Director and editor on D.W. Griffith's racist masterpiece "The Clansman," better known as "The Birth of a Nation" (1915), a blockbuster that may have been the highest-grossing film of all time if accurate box office records had been kept before the sound era. He pulled triple duty on that picture, playing John Wilkes Booth, the man who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theater and ranked as the most notorious American actor of all time until Pee Wee Herman did his thing in a theater.

      The year before "The Clansman," Walsh had been the second unit director on "The Life of General Villa" (1914), also playing the Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa as a young man. Walsh had gotten his start in the business as co-director of another Pancho Villa flick, "The Life of Villa," in 1912. The movie featured footage shot of an actually battle between Villa's forces and Mexican federal troops.

      In 1915, in addition to helping out the great Griffith, Walsh directed no less than 14 films, including his first feature-length film, "Regeneration," which he also wrote. The movie, which stared silent cinema superstar 'Anna Q Nilsson' ans society woman turned social worker who aids the regeneration of a Bowery gang leader, is a melodrama, but an effective one. In his autobiography, Walsh credited D.W. Griffith with "teaching" him about the art of filmmaking and about production management techniques. The film is memorable for its shots of New York City, where Walsh had been born 28 years earlier, on March 11, 1887.

      Raoul Walsh would continue to be a top director for 40 years, and would not hang up his director's megaphone (if he still had one at that late in the game) until 1964. As a writer, his last script was made in 1970, meaning his career as a whole spanned seven decades and 58 years.

      He introduced the world to John Wayne in "The Big Trail" in 70mm wide-screen in 1930 (it would take nine more years and John Ford to make the Duke a star). In one three-year period at Warner Bros. he directed "The Roaring Twenties" (1939), "They Drive by Night" (1940), "High Sierra" (1941), "The Strawberry Blonde" (1941), "Manpower" (1941), "They Died with Their Boots On" (1941) and "Gentleman Jim" (1942), among other films in that time frame. He helped consolidate the stardom of Humphrey Bogart and Errol Flynn while directing the great James Cagney in one of his more delightful films ("The Strawberry Blonde"). This was the same director that would elicit Cagney's most searing performance since "The Public Enemy" in the crime classic "White Heat" (1949).

      Novelist Norman Mailer says that Walsh was dragged off of his death bed to direct the underrated film adaptation of Mailer's "The Naked and the Dead" (1958). The movie is as masculine and unsentimental as the book, an exceedingly harsh look at the power relations between men at war on the same side that includes the attempted murder of prisoners of war and the "fragging" of officers (Sergeant Croft allows his lieutenant to walk into an ambush). Walsh was at his best when directing men in war or action pictures.

      Raoul Walsh seemingly recovered from Mailer's phantasmagorical death bed, as he lived another 32 years after "The Naked and The Dead." He died on December 31, 1980 in Simi Valley, California at the age of 93.
      IMDb mini-biography by
      Jon C. Hopwood

      Mini Biography-2
      from Leonard Maltin's Movie Encyclopedia:
      Raoul Walsh was a storyteller who never let the truth get in the way of a good tale. After various odd jobs and adventures he found work in the theater as an actor, notably in a touring company of Thomas Dixon's "The Clansman." His first film work was with D. W. Griffith as an actor and assistant director. He codirected and starred in The Life of General Villa (1914), which in later years led the filmmaker to spin yarns about his association with the Mexican bandit/hero; in fact Walsh never left Los Angeles while the film was in production. He played John Wilkes Booth in Griffith's The Birth of a Nation (1915), and in the wake of its success he signed with the Fox Film Corporation. His early films there, as director, included The Regeneration (1915, a stunning drama of tenement life) and the Theda Bara version of Carmen (also 1915). He also steered the career of his then-wife, Griffith discovery Miriam Cooper. (Tragically, most of Walsh's early films no longer survive, denying modernday film historians the chance to assess his work in this period. Regeneration is so good-rivaling Griffith in many waysone can only imagine what his other work from the teens and early twenties might have been like.)

      In 1924 Walsh piloted Douglas Fairbanks' The Thief of Bagdad the artistic and commercial success of which made him a major Hollywood director. But Walsh proved to be a director without a "vision," only as good as his materialand often unable to improve it. His biggest silent success was an adaptation of the stage hit What Price Glory? (1926). Walsh wore three hats on Sadie Thompson (1928), writing, directing, and costarring with Gloria Swanson; his exuberant performance caused Fox to sign him to direct and star in the first outdoor talkie, In Old Arizona (1929), but a freak auto accident cost him an eye and finished his acting career for good. (Warner Baxter replaced him on-screen and went on to win an Oscar for his performance.)

      Walsh's notable talkies included The Cock-Eyed World (1929, the sequel to What Price Glory? the epic-scale Western The Big Trail (1930), Yellow Ticket (1931), Me and My Gal (1932), Wild Girl (also 1932, a Western made in the manner of a late 19th-century stage melodrama), and The Bowery (1933, a loving look at New York in the Gay Nineties). Klondike Annie (1936, with Mae West) also showed great feeling for fin de siècle saloon life, and The Strawberry Blonde (1941) and Gentleman Jim (1942) were similarly effective in portraying that bygone era. Other 1930s titles include Going Hollywood (1933), Every Night at Eight (1935), Artists & Models (1937), and College Swing (1938). Walsh hit his stride at Warner Bros. in the late 1930s and early 1940s, finding his true metier in that studio's rugged action pictures and crime dramas, including The Roaring Twenties (1939) They Drive by Night (1940), They Died With Their Boots On, Manpower and High Sierra (all 1941). On loan to Republic, he directed their large-scale Western drama Dark Command (1940), about Quantrill's Raiders.

      Routine assignments in the 1940s were occasionally sparked by the likes of the much-maligned The Horn Blows at Midnight (1945), Pursued (1947), and the gangster psycho-drama White Heat (1949). (He also remade High Sierra in 1949, as Colorado Territory.) Walsh continued making films, mostly Westerns and actioners, into the mid 1960s, including Captain Horatio Hornblower (1951), Blackbeard the Pirate (1952), The Tall Men (1955), The King and Four Queens (1956), and Marines, Let's Go (1961); his final film was the modest cavalry epic A Distant Trumpet (1964).

      Walsh's 1974 autobiography, "Each Man in His Time," must be regarded as highly entertaining fiction with an occasional nod at the truth. His brother, George Walsh, was a popular star in the teens and 1920s, whose career went into decline when he was replaced by Ramon Novarro in the 1926 Ben-Hur sadly, nearly all of his films have been lost to the inevitable decomposition that ravages old celluloid.
      Copyright © 1994 Leonard Maltin, used by arrangement with Signet, a division of Penguin Putnam, Inc.

      Filmography
      Director
      1. Barbra Streisand: The Movie Album (2003) (V) (segment "Every Night At Eight")
      2. A Distant Trumpet (1964)
      3. Marines, Let's Go (1961)
      4. Esther and the King (1960)
      ... aka Esther e il Re (Italy)
      5. A Private's Affair (1959)
      6. The Naked and the Dead (1958)
      7. The Sheriff of Fractured Jaw (1958)
      8. Band of Angels (1957)
      9. The King and Four Queens (1956)
      10. The Revolt of Mamie Stover (1956)
      11. The Tall Men (1955)
      12. Battle Cry (1955)
      13. Saskatchewan (1954)
      ... aka O'Rourke of the Royal Mounted (UK)
      14. Gun Fury (1953)
      15. A Lion Is in the Streets (1953)
      16. Sea Devils (1953)
      17. The Lawless Breed (1953)
      18. Blackbeard, the Pirate (1952)
      ... aka Blackbeard the Pirate (USA: promotional title)
      19. The World in His Arms (1952)
      20. Glory Alley (1952)
      21. Distant Drums (1951)
      22. Along the Great Divide (1951)
      ... aka The Travelers (USA)
      23. Captain Horatio Hornblower R.N. (1951)
      ... aka Captain Horatio Hornblower (USA)
      24. The Enforcer (1951) (uncredited)
      ... aka Murder, Inc. (UK)
      25. Montana (1950) (uncredited)
      26. White Heat (1949)
      27. Colorado Territory (1949)
      ... aka North of the Rio Grande (USA: alternative title)
      28. One Sunday Afternoon (1948)
      29. Fighter Squadron (1948)
      30. Silver River (1948)
      31. Cheyenne (1947)
      ... aka The Wyoming Kid (USA: reissue title)
      32. Stallion Road (1947) (uncredited)
      33. Pursued (1947)
      34. The Man I Love (1947)
      35. San Antonio (1945) (uncredited)
      36. Salty O'Rourke (1945)
      37. The Horn Blows at Midnight (1945)
      38. Objective, Burma! (1945)
      ... aka Operation Burma
      39. Uncertain Glory (1944)
      40. Northern Pursuit (1943)
      41. Background to Danger (1943)
      42. Action in the North Atlantic (1943) (uncredited)
      43. Gentleman Jim (1942)
      44. Desperate Journey (1942)
      45. They Died with Their Boots On (1941)
      46. Manpower (1941)
      47. The Strawberry Blonde (1941)
      48. High Sierra (1941)
      49. They Drive by Night (1940)
      ... aka The Road to Frisco (UK)
      50. Dark Command (1940)
      51. The Roaring Twenties (1939)
      52. St. Louis Blues (1939)
      ... aka Best of the Blues
      53. College Swing (1938)
      ... aka Swing, Teacher, Swing (UK)
      54. Hitting a New High (1937)
      55. Artists & Models (1937)
      56. Jump for Glory (1937)
      ... aka When Thief Meets Thief (USA)
      57. O.H.M.S. (1937)
      ... aka You're in the Army Now (USA)
      58. Spendthrift (1936)
      59. Big Brown Eyes (1936)
      60. Klondike Annie (1936)
      61. Every Night at Eight (1935)
      62. Baby Face Harrington (1935)
      ... aka Baby Face Harrington (UK)
      63. Under Pressure (1935)
      64. Going Hollywood (1933)
      ... aka Cinderella's Fella (Australia)
      65. The Bowery (1933)
      66. Hello, Sister (1933)
      ... aka Clipped Wings (UK)
      ... aka Walking Down Broadway (USA)
      67. Sailor's Luck (1933)
      68. Me and My Gal (1932)
      69. Wild Girl (1932)
      ... aka Salomy Jane (UK)
      70. The Yellow Ticket (1931)
      ... aka The Yellow Passport (UK)
      71. Women of All Nations (1931)
      72. Große Fahrt, Die (1931)
      ... aka Große Treck, Der
      73. Gran jornada, La (1931)
      74. The Man Who Came Back (1931)
      75. The Big Trail (1930)
      76. Hot for Paris (1929)
      77. The Cock-Eyed World (1929)
      ... aka The Cockeyed World
      78. In Old Arizona (1928)
      79. Me, Gangster (1928)
      80. The Red Dance (1928)
      ... aka The Red Dancer of Moscow (UK)
      81. Sadie Thompson (1928)
      82. The Loves of Carmen (1927)
      83. The Monkey Talks (1927)
      84. What Price Glory (1926)
      85. The Lady of the Harem (1926)
      86. The Lucky Lady (1926)
      87. The Wanderer (1925)
      88. The Spaniard (1925)
      ... aka Spanish Love (UK)
      89. East of Suez (1925)
      90. The Thief of Bagdad (1924)
      91. Rosita (1923) (uncredited)
      92. Lost and Found on a South Sea Island (1923) (as R.A. Walsh)
      ... aka Captain Blackbird (USA)
      ... aka Lost and Found
      ... aka Passion of the Sea (USA)
      93. Kindred of the Dust (1922)
      94. Serenade (1921) (as R.A. Walsh)
      95. The Oath (1921/I)
      96. From Now On (1920)
      97. The Deep Purple (1920) (as R.A. Walsh)
      98. The Strongest (1920) (as R.A. Walsh)
      99. Should a Husband Forgive? (1919) (as R.A. Walsh)
      100. Evangeline (1919)
      101. I'll Say So (1918) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      102. Every Mother's Son (1918)
      ... aka Eighteen to Forty-Five
      103. The Prussian Cur (1918) (as R.A. Walsh)
      104. On the Jump (1918) (as R.A. Walsh)
      105. The Woman and the Law (1918) (as R.A. Walsh)
      106. The Pride of New York (1917) (as R.A. Walsh)
      107. The Conqueror (1917)
      108. Betrayed (1917) (as R.A. Walsh)
      109. The Innocent Sinner (1917) (as R.A. Walsh)
      110. The Silent Lie (1917) (as R.A. Walsh)
      ... aka Camille of the Yukon (USA: reissue title)
      111. The Honor System (1917) (as R.A. Walsh)
      112. This Is the Life (1917) (as R.A. Walsh)
      113. Pillars of Society (1916)
      114. Blue Blood and Red (1916)
      115. The Serpent (1916)
      ... aka Fires of Hate (UK)
      116. Carmen (1915/II)
      117. Regeneration (1915) (as R.A. Walsh)
      ... aka The Regeneration (USA: review title)
      118. A Bad Man and Others (1915)
      119. The Celestial Code (1915)
      120. 11:30 P.M. (1915)
      121. The Fencing Master (1915) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      122. The Greaser (1915)
      123. His Return (1915)
      124. The Fatal Black Bean (1915) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      125. The Death Dice (1915)
      126. The Buried Hand (1915)
      127. Home from the Sea (1915)
      128. The Lone Cowboy (1915)
      129. A Man for A' That (1915)
      130. Siren of Hell (1915)
      131. Who Shot Bud Walton? (1914)
      132. The Mystery of the Hindu Image (1914)
      133. The Double Knot (1914)
      134. The Bowery (1914)
      135. Life of Villa (1912)

      Actor
      1. In Old Arizona (1928) (uncredited) .... The Cisco Kid [long shots only]
      2. Sadie Thompson (1928) .... Sergeant Timothy 'Tim' O'Hara
      3. The Celestial Code (1915)
      4. The Outlaw's Revenge (1915) (as R.A. Walsh) .... The outlaw
      5. The Greaser (1915)
      6. The Fatal Black Bean (1915) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      7. The Birth of a Nation (1915) (uncredited) .... John Wilkes Booth
      ... aka In the Clutches of the Ku Klux Klan (USA: shorter version)
      ... aka The Birth of the Nation; Or The Clansman (second copyright title)
      ... aka The Clansman (USA: Los Angeles première title)
      8. The Double Deception (1915)
      9. The Love Pirate (1915) .... The Magnate
      10. The Exposure (1914) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      11. Who Shot Bud Walton? (1914)
      12. They Never Knew (1914) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      13. The Availing Prayer (1914)
      14. Sands of Fate (1914)
      15. The Unpainted Portrait (1914) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      16. The Final Verdict (1914) .... King
      17. Sierra Jim's Reformation (1914) .... Sierra Jim
      18. The Second Mrs. Roebuck (1914)
      19. The Mystery of the Hindu Image (1914)
      20. The Angel of Contention (1914)
      21. Lest We Forget (1914) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      22. The Only Clue (1914)
      23. The Rebellion of Kitty Belle (1914) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      24. The Double Knot (1914) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      25. The Life of General Villa (1914) .... Villa as a young man
      26. The Dishonored Medal (1914) (as Raoul A. Walsh) .... Adopted son
      27. The Great Leap: Until Death Do Us Part (1914)
      28. The Banker's Daughter (1914)
      29. The Baited Trap (1914) (unconfirmed) .... Undetermined Role
      30. When Fate Frowned (1914) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      31. For His Master (1914) (as Raoul A. Walsh)
      32. The Little Country Mouse (1914)
      33. The Detective's Stratagem (1913) (unconfirmed) .... Gang's Driver

      Writer
      1. The Delta Factor (1970)
      2. Marines, Let's Go (1961) (story)
      3. Esther and the King (1960)
      ... aka Esther e il Re (Italy)
      4. Spendthrift (1936)
      5. Big Brown Eyes (1936)
      6. The Big Trail (1930) (story contributor) (uncredited)
      7. Hot for Paris (1929) (story)
      8. The Cock-Eyed World (1929)
      ... aka The Cockeyed World
      9. Me, Gangster (1928)
      10. Sadie Thompson (1928) (adaptation)
      11. From Now On (1920) (scenario)
      12. The Strongest (1920) (scenario) (as R.A. Walsh)
      13. Should a Husband Forgive? (1919) (scenario) (as R.A. Walsh) (story) (as R.A. Walsh)
      14. Evangeline (1919) (scenario)
      15. Every Mother's Son (1918) (also story)
      ... aka Eighteen to Forty-Five
      16. The Prussian Cur (1918) (also story)
      17. On the Jump (1918) (story)
      18. The Woman and the Law (1918)
      19. The Pride of New York (1917) (scenario) (as R.A. Walsh)
      20. The Conqueror (1917)
      21. Betrayed (1917) (as R.A. Walsh) (also story)
      22. The Innocent Sinner (1917) (as R.A. Walsh) (scenario)
      23. The Honor System (1917) (scenario)
      24. This Is the Life (1917)
      25. Blue Blood and Red (1916) (also story)
      26. The Serpent (1916)
      ... aka Fires of Hate (UK)
      27. Carmen (1915/II)
      28. Regeneration (1915) (adaptation) (as R.A. Walsh)
      ... aka The Regeneration (USA: review title)

      Producer
      1. Marines, Let's Go (1961) (producer)
      2. Come September (1961) (producer) (uncredited)
      3. Esther and the King (1960) (producer)
      ... aka Esther e il Re (Italy)
      4. The Lawless Breed (1953) (producer)
      5. Captain Horatio Hornblower R.N. (1951) (producer)
      ... aka Captain Horatio Hornblower (USA)
      6. The Yellow Ticket (1931) (producer)
      ... aka The Yellow Passport (UK)
      7. Camino del infierno (1931) (producer)
      ... aka Del infierno al cielo
      ... aka Regeneración (USA: Spanish title)
      8. Sadie Thompson (1928) (producer)
      9. The Lucky Lady (1926) (producer)
      10. Kindred of the Dust (1922) (producer)
      11. Serenade (1921) (producer)
      12. The Oath (1921/I) (producer)
      13. The Deep Purple (1920) (producer) (as R.A. Walsh)
      14. Evangeline (1919) (producer)
      15. Blue Blood and Red (1916) (producer)

      Miscellaneous Crew [/B]
      1. The Laramie Project (2002) (lyricist: "Let's Dream in the Moonlight")
      2. Kindred of the Dust (1922) (presenter) (as R.A. Walsh)
      3. Heading Home (1920) (supervisor) (as R.A. Walsh)
      ... aka Headin' Home

      Second Unit Director or Assistant Director [/B]
      1. Edge of Darkness (1943) (second unit director) (uncredited)
      2. The Birth of a Nation (1915) (assistant director)
      ... aka In the Clutches of the Ku Klux Klan (USA: shorter version)
      ... aka The Birth of the Nation; Or The Clansman (second copyright title)
      ... aka The Clansman (USA: Los Angeles première title)
      3. The Life of General Villa (1914) (second unit director)

      Editor
      1. The Birth of a Nation (1915)
      ... aka In the Clutches of the Ku Klux Klan (USA: shorter version)
      ... aka The Birth of the Nation; Or The Clansman (second copyright title)
      ... aka The Clansman (USA: Los Angeles première title)

      Cinematographer
      1. The Life of General Villa (1914) (Battle of Torreon sequence)

      Himself
      1. The Men Who Made the Movies: Raoul Walsh (1973) (TV) .... Himself
      2. 75 Years of Cinema Museum (1972) .... Himself
      3. It's a Great Feeling (1949) (uncredited) .... Himself, Cameo Appearance
      4. Life of Villa (1912) .... Young Villa
      Best Wishes
      Keith
      London- England

      The post was edited 6 times, last by ethanedwards ().

    • Raoul Walsh made 2 but, important films with Duke,
      and one Duke may have been involved in.

      Dark Command(1940)
      Women of All Nations (1931)
      The Big Trail(1930)

      A prolific director, and from his film credits, responsible for many screen classics.
      However Mr. Walsh, was the man , who was the first to gamble on Duke
      in the starring role, a gamble of course that didn't come off!!
      However, it was Walsh, who formulated the name John Wayne!!!

      He noticed young Duke propping around the Fox Studios,
      and Duke came highly recommended by John Ford.,
      who had assured Walsh, that young Morrison, could handle the job.

      Walsh told Ford,
      I like the way that kid walks...he is a real pioneer type....
      Dammit, the son of a bitch, looked like a man...
      To be a cowboy star, you gotta be six feet three or over..
      You gotta have no hips, and a face that looks right under a sombrero...

      The rest as they say, is history.
      Best Wishes
      Keith
      London- England

      The post was edited 1 time, last by ethanedwards ().

    • Without Raoul Walsh there would be no John Wayne. So for that we have to give him thanks. And I think the Big Trail is a pretty good movie. If you consider that it is now over seventy five years old. I never thought I would enjoy something the same age as my grandfather, and yet... His other John Wayne film, Dark Command is also very good. It came ten years after The Big Trail, and this time the Duke was already a star. I wish that he had directed more movies for the duke because I really enjoyed the two that he did.
      [SIZE=3]That'll Be The Day[/SIZE]