John Chisum

    This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site, you are agreeing to our Cookie Policy.

    Your view is limited. Please register to the JWMB to access all features.
       

    There is 1 reply in this Thread. The last Post () by chester7777.

    • John Chisum

      [IMG:http://i27.photobucket.com/albums/c187/john-wayne/John%20Wayne/JohnSimpsonChisum.jpg]JOHN CHISUM

      Born
      August 15, 1824

      Died
      December 23, 1884

      Occupation
      Building Contractor, Clerk,
      Cattleman, Land Owner

      Mini-Biography
      John Simpson Chisum was a wealthy cattle baron in the American West
      in the mid-to-late 1800s.
      Born in Hardeman County, Tennessee, Chisum's family moved to Texas in 1837,
      with Chisum finding work as a building contractor.
      He also served as county clerk in Lamar County.

      John Chisum got involved in the cattle business in 1854
      and became one of the first to send his herds to New Mexico.
      He obtained land along the Pecos River by right of occupancy
      and eventually became the owner of a large ranch in the Bosque Grande,
      about forty miles south of Fort Sumner, with over 100,000 head of cattle.
      In 1866-67, Chisum formed a partnership with cattlemen Charles Goodnight
      and Oliver Loving to assemble and drive herds of cattle for sale to the Army
      in Fort Sumner and Santa Fe, New Mexico, to provide cattle to miners
      in Colorado as well as provide cattle to the Bell Ranch.

      [IMG:http://i27.photobucket.com/albums/c187/john-wayne/John%20Wayne/roswell12.jpg]

      When Chisum died in Eureka Springs on December 23, 1884,
      he was unmarried and left his estate worth $500,000 to his brothers Pitzer and James.
      While living in Bolivar, Texas, he lived with a young slave girl named Jensie
      and had two daughters with her.
      The relationship is described in the book, "Three Ranches West."
      Chisum had an extended family living with himat the South Springs ranch in Roswell,
      and this family,along with hired help, often numbered two dozen at the main ranch
      headquarters. Chisum's niece Sallie Chisum, the daughter of his brother James,
      became a beloved figure in the area where she lived until 1934.
      Both she and her uncle John are honored by statues to their memory
      at Roswell and Artesia.

      Lincoln County War

      Chisum was a business associate of Alexander McSween,
      a principal figure in the Lincoln County War with money, advice,
      and influence behind the scenes, he played a role in the dispute between
      the opposing factions of cattle farmers and business owners.
      When Lewis Wallace took office as Governor of New Mexico on October 1, 1878,
      he proclaimed an amnesty for all those involved in the bitter feud.
      However, after Billy the Kid surrendered to the authorities,
      he was told he would be charged with the killing of Sheriff William J. Brady.

      [IMG:http://i27.photobucket.com/albums/c187/john-wayne/John%20Wayne/ChisumRanchNM.jpg]
      Chisum Ranch near Roswell, NM

      Billy the Kid escaped from custody and went to see Chisum.
      Billy believed he was owed $500, but Chisum refused to pay,
      claiming that he had given Billy horses, supplies,
      and protection over the years in lieu of payment.
      Billy the Kid responded by promising to steal enough cattle to make up this sum.
      Billy's gang also stole from other cattlemen and became a serious problem
      in Lincoln County.
      His gang included Dave Rudabaugh, Billy Wilson,Tom O'Folliard and Charlie Bowdre.

      In 1880, Chisum was involved in getting Pat Garrett elected as sheriff of Lincoln County.
      Garrett immediately attempted to deal with the problems being caused by Billy the Kid.
      In December 1880, Garrett shot dead two of the Kid's gang,
      Tom O'Folliard and Charles Bowdre. Soon afterwards Billy the Kid,
      Dave Rudabaugh and Billy Wilson were captured by Garrett.

      Media portrayal

      Chisum and his story has been portrayed several times on film.
      Some of the prominent performers to play him include
      John Wayne in Chisum (1970),
      Barry Sullivan in Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid (1973),
      and James Coburn in Young Guns II (1990).
      None of these films have told the accurate story of Chisum,
      William Bonney, John Tunstall and The Lincoln County Land War.

      Edited and Compiled by ethanedwards
      Information and Photogaphs from wikipedia
      Best Wishes
      Keith
      London- England

      The post was edited 5 times, last by ethanedwards ().