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    There are 5 replies in this Thread. The last Post () by colkid60.

    • Western Legends- Cochise



      June 8, 1874.Arizona

      Years of Service


      Indian Wars
      * Apache Wars
      * Bascom Affair
      * Battle of Cooke's Canyon
      * Battle of the Florida Mountains
      * Battle of Dragoon Springs
      * Battle of Apache Pass

      Cochise (pronounced /koʊˈtʃiːs/; Apache K'uu-ch'ish "firewood";
      was a chief (a nantan) of the Chokonen ("central" or "real" Chiricahua)
      band of the Chiricahua Apache and the leader of an uprising that began in 1861.
      Cochise County, Arizona is named after him.

      Cochise was one of the most famous Apache leaders
      (along with Geronimo) to resist intrusions by Americans
      during the 19th century.
      He was described as a large man (for the time),
      with a muscular frame, classical features, and long black hair
      which he wore in traditional Apache style.
      Cochise's family currently resides at Mescalero Apache Reservation,
      New Mexico.

      Cochise and the Chokonen-Chiricahua lived in the area that
      is now the northern Mexican region of Sonora, New Mexico,
      and Arizona, which were traditional Apache territories
      until the coming of the Europeans. Due to encroachment by Spain
      and later Mexico, the Chokonen and Nednhi-Chiricahua
      became increasingly dependent upon food rations issued
      by the Mexican government to placate them.
      When this practice was abruptly ended in 1831,
      the various Chiricahua bands resumed raids to acquire food.

      The Mexican government began a series of military operations
      in order to either capture or neutralize the Chiricahua,
      but they received stiff resistance from Cochise and the Apache
      who were implacable foes.
      Mexican troops were largely unsuccessful in their attempts
      and were often fought to a standstill by the Apache.
      As part of their attempts at controlling the Chiricahua,
      Mexican forces, often with the help of American
      and Native American mercenaries, began to kill Apache civilians,
      including Cochise's father.
      This hardened Cochise's resolve and gave the Chiricahua
      more reason for vengeance.
      Mexican forces were finally able to capture Cochise in 1848
      during an Apache raid on Fronteras, Sonora,
      but they exchanged him for nearly a dozen Mexican prisoners.

      Border Tensions and Fighting
      The region inhabited by the Apache had experienced increased
      tension between the Apache and European settlers
      (including early Spanish encroachment) from about 1831
      until the greater part of the area was annexed by the
      United States in 1850, which ushered in a brief period of relative peace.
      Cochise worked as a woodcutter at the stagecoach station
      in Apache Pass for the Butterfield Overland Mail line.

      The tenuous peace did not last as American encroachmen
      into Apache territory continued.
      The formal peace ended in 1861 when an Apache raiding party
      drove away a local rancher's cattle and kidnapped his twelve-year-old son.
      Cochise and five others of his band were falsely accused of the incident (
      which had actually been done by the Coyotero band of Apaches).
      The six suspects were ordered by an inexperienced Army officer
      (Lt. George Bascom) to report to the fort for questioning.
      Although they maintained their innocence, the group
      was arrested and imprisoned.
      Cochise escaped immediately by drawing a knife and cutting
      his way out of the tent.
      Cochise was shot three times as he fled.

      The rest of the group soon mounted an escape attempt in
      which one of their number was killed.
      Cochise took hostages to use in negotiations to free t
      he other four Chiricahua.
      However, the plan backfired and both sides killed
      all their hostages in what was later known as the "Bascom Affair".
      Bascom's retaliation included hanging Cochise's brother
      and two of his nephews, which served to further enrage Cochise.

      Cochise then joined with his father-in-law Mangas Coloradas
      (Red Sleeves, Kan-da-zis Tlishishen), the Chihenne-Chiricahua Apache chief,
      in a long series of retaliatory skirmishes and raids among the settlements.
      The Battle of Dragoon Springs was one of these engagements.
      During the raids many people were killed on both sides,
      but the Apache began to achieve the upper hand, which prompted the
      United States Army to send an expedition (led by General James Carleton).

      Apache Pass Conflict
      At Apache Pass in 1862, Cochise and Mangas Coloradas,
      with around 500 fighters, held their ground against a force of
      California volunteers under General James Henry Carleton
      until howitzer artillery fire was brought to bear on their position.

      According to scout John C. Cremony and historian Dan L. Thrapp,
      the howitzer fire sent the Apaches into an immediate retreat.
      But Carleton's biographer, Aurora Hunt, wrote,
      "This was the first time that the Indians had faced artillery fire.
      Nevertheless, they fought stubbornly for several hours before they fled."
      Capt. Thomas Roberts was persuaded by the engagement
      that it would be best to find a route around Apache Pass, which he did.
      Gen. Carleton thus continued unhindered to New Mexico
      and subsequently took over as commander of the territory.

      In January 1863 Gen. Joseph Rodman West, under orders from
      Gen. Carleton, was able to capture Mangas Coloradas
      by duping him into a conference under a flag of truce.
      During what was to be a peaceful parley session,
      the Americans took the unsuspecting Mangas Coloradas
      prisoner and later executed him.
      This continued a series of incidents that fanned the flame
      s of enmity between the encroaching Americans and the Apache.
      For Cochise, the Americans held nothing sacred
      and had violated the rules of war by capturing Mangas Coloradas
      during a parley session.
      Cochise and the Apache continued their raids against
      American and Mexican settlements and military positions
      throughout the 1860s.

      Capture, Escape, and Retirement

      Cochise Stronghold, Dragoon Mountains, Southeastern Arizona.

      Following various skirmishes, Cochise and his men were
      gradually driven into the Dragoon Mountains
      but were nevertheless able to use the mountains as cover
      and as a base from which to continue significant skirmishes
      against white settlements.
      This was the situation until 1871 when General George Crook
      assumed command and used other Apaches as scouts
      and informants and was thereby able to force Cochise's men to surrender. Cochise was taken into custody in September of that year.

      The next year, the Chiricahua were ordered to Tularosa Reservation
      located in New Mexico, but refused to leave their ancestral lands
      in Arizona, which were guaranteed to them under treaty.
      Cochise managed to escape again and renewed raids and skirmishes
      against settlements through most of 1872.
      A new treaty was later negotiated by General Oliver O. Howard,
      with the help of Tom Jeffords who had become blood brother to Cochise,
      as the Americans relented to some of the Apaches' terms.
      Cochise quietly retired to an Arizona reservation, where he died of natural causes in 1874.


      Taza, son of Cochise..........................Naches (or Wei-chi-ti), son of Cochise, with wife. c1884

      He married Dos-teh-seh, the daughter of Mangas Coloradas,
      in the 1830s. Their children were Taza, born in 1842-died 1876,
      and Naiche, born in 1856-died 1919.

      Edited and Compiled by ethanedwards.
      Information and Photographs from wikipedia
      Best Wishes
      London- England

      The post was edited 6 times, last by ethanedwards ().

    • Re: Western Legends- Cochise

      From everything I've ever read about Cochise (which is quite a bit), he was a very admirable, honorable man (unlike the Americans with whom he dealt).

      All of my life I've felt a deep sense of shame at the way this government and my people treated the American Indians. I still have much sympathy for their plight, since most of them are consigned to reservations (another word for a concentration camp, far as I'm concerned) and live in deep poverty.
      De gustibus non est disputandum
    • Re: Western Legends- Cochise

      I hope this does not get anyones Bowles in A Up-Roar because my post on Cochise has some this Same Info. that Ethanedwards put up Earlier, But I live Right in The Middle of Apache Country here in Arizona and The Apaches like to talk about Cochise as
      Their Greatest Chief !
      Here is more Info. on The Great Apache Chief Cochise,
      Then if you have time you can Click at the Bottom of the Page and watch the Complete Film that I put up on YouTube .
      "Broken Arrow"
      It is about as close as you can get to the Real History on Cochise and Tom Jeffords that were Blood Brothers !
      I know Something about this Film as it was done in Sedona, Arizona in the late 1940s, and I got Killed 7 Times In The Film !!!

      And you are right about Jeff Chandler He was Jewish and Michael Ansara was Born in Syria and came to the U.S. when he was 2 years old, but all of the other 250 Real Apaches were brought in from The White Mountain Apache Reservation here by The 26 Bar Ranch.



      The post was edited 3 times, last by William T Brooks ().

    • Re: Native American Legends- Cochise

      A better end then Geronimo had. Apparently Cochise was able to stay on his tribal land.

      Bringing up to a new post.
      "A people that values their Privileges above it's Principles. Soon looses both." Dwight Eisenhower