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  • KIT CARSON


    Born
    24th.December 1809
    Madison County, Kentucky, USA


    Died- 23rd. May 1868
    Fort Lyon, Colorado, USA


    Place of Burial
    Taos, New Mexico, USA


    Allegiance
    United States of America Union Army


    Occupation
    Saddle Maker, Miner, Trapper,
    Indian Agent, Cavalry, Farmer


    Battles/Wars
    Mexican-American War
    *Battle of San Pasqual
    Apache Wars
    *Battle of Ojo Caliente Canyon
    American Civil War
    *Battle of Valverde
    Navajo Wars
    Texas-Indian Wars
    *First Battle of Adobe Walls


    Mini- Biography
    Full Biography-Kit Carson-Wikipedia


    Christopher Houston "Kit" Carson was born in Madison County, Kentucky,
    on 24th December, 1809.
    The family moved to Howard County, Missouri, when Carson was a child.


    At the age of 14 Carson was apprenticed as a saddle maker in
    Franklin, Missouri.
    The following year he ran away and joined a group of people
    travelling to Sante Fe.
    Eventually he became a teamster for Robert McKnight
    at the Santa Rita copper mine in New Mexico.


    He met Tom Fitzpatrick, the famous mountain man,
    and over the next few years he worked as a trapper in the Rocky Mountains.
    In 1835 Carson saved the life of Mark Head during a fight
    with a group of Blackfeet.
    The following year he joined the Hudson's Bay Company
    and in 1837 worked with James Bridger in the Yellowstone.


    Carson's first wife died after giving birth to a couple of children.
    His second wife was a Native American.
    Later he married Marie Josefa Jaramillo.
    Carson took his eldest daughter to school in Missouri.
    On the journey he met John Fremont, who had just surveyed the Des Moines River.
    The two men got on well and Fremont hired him as a guide at £100 a month.


    In 1843, with Carson and Tom Fitzpatrick as his guides,
    Fremont's party followed the Cache de la Poudre River into the Laramie Mountains.
    He then crossed the Rocky Mountains via the South Pass and Green River.
    He then followed the Bear River until it reached the Great Salt Lake.



    After spending time at Fort Hall he followed the Snake River
    past Fort Boise to Fort Vancouver, where he met John McLoughlin.
    Fremont then turned south where he explored Klamath Lake
    and the Great Basin before making a midwinter crossing of the Sierra Nevada
    mountains and despite great hardships reached Sutter Fort.
    Fremont and Carson eventually reached St. Louis on 6th August, 1844.


    In 1845 Carson joined John Fremont at Bent's Fort for his third expedition.
    While this trip was taking place the Mexican War started.
    Fremont was given the rank of major in the United States Army
    and General Stephen Kearny persuaded Carson to work
    as his guide in his attempts to capture California.


    Carson developed a sympathy for the plight of Native Americans
    and in March, 1854, he became an Indian agent in Taos.
    On the outbreak of the American Civil War Carson joined the Union Army.
    He was given the rank of colonel and commanded the 1st New Mexico Volunteers.


    In 1849 Carson began farming at Raydo, New Mexico.
    He often left the farm to guide military parties.
    Carson also went trapping in the mountains and took sheep to California.



    Carson was appointed superintendent of Indian Affairs for Colorado Territory in 1853.
    He held the post until 1861 when he resigned to become a
    colonel in the New Mexico Volunteer Infantry.
    After taking part in the battle of Valverde, he was promoted to Brigadier General.
    He led an expedition to Adobe Walls and in November 1864
    he fought about 3,000 Kiowas, Comanches, and Arapahoes.


    Kit Carson resigned from the army in November, 1867.
    He settled at Boggsville, Colorado, where he died on 23rd May, 1868.



    Kit Carson's Grave



    The Kit Carson Home and Museum
    in downtown Taos, New Mexico


    Edited And Compiled by ethanedwards.
    Information And Photographs
    from Spartucus Educational and Wikipedia

    Best Wishes
    Keith
    London- England

    Edited 4 times, last by ethanedwards ().